DNA polymerase inhibitor

any one of a class of antiviral drugs that inhibit the action of DNA polymerase enzymes, which are used by viruses to form their own DNA. These drugs prevent, to a varying degree, the reproduction of viruses. They include aciclovir, foscarnet, ganciclovir, and valaciclovir.

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

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  • DNA polymerase inhibitor — any one of a class of antiviral drugs that inhibit the action of DNA polymerase enzymes, which are used by viruses to form their own DNA. These drugs prevent, to a varying degree, the reproduction of viruses. They include aciclovir, foscarnet,… …   Medical dictionary

  • DNA clamp — Top and side views of a homotrimer of the human PCNA sliding clamp (rainbow colored, N terminus = blue, C term …   Wikipedia

  • Polymerase Chain Reaction — Die Polymerase Kettenreaktion (englisch Polymerase Chain Reaction, PCR) ist eine Methode, um die Erbsubstanz DNA in vitro zu vervielfältigen. Dazu wird ein Enzym verwendet, die DNA Polymerase. Der Begriff Kettenreaktion beschreibt in diesem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Polymerase-Kettenreaktion — Die Polymerase Kettenreaktion (englisch Polymerase Chain Reaction, PCR) ist eine Methode, um die Erbsubstanz DNA in vitro zu vervielfältigen. Dazu wird ein Enzym verwendet, die DNA Polymerase. Der Begriff „Kettenreaktion” beschreibt in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Polymerase chain reaction inhibitors — PCR inhibitors usually affect PCR through interaction with DNA or interference with the DNA polymerase. Inhibitors can escape removal during the DNA purification procedure by binding directly to single or double stranded DNA.[1] Alternatively, by …   Wikipedia

  • DNA damage-inducible transcript 3 — Identifiers Symbols DDIT3; CEBPZ; CHOP; CHOP 10; CHOP10; GADD153; MGC4154 External IDs …   Wikipedia

  • Dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor — A dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor is a molecule that inhibits the function of dihydrofolate reductase, and is a type of antifolate. Since folate is needed by rapidly dividing cells to make thymine, this effect may be used to therapeutic… …   Wikipedia

  • Mitotic inhibitor — The structure of paclitaxel, a widely used mitotic inhibitor. A mitotic inhibitor is a drug that inhibits mitosis, or cell division. These drugs disrupt microtubules, which are structures that pull the cell apart when it divides. Mitotic… …   Wikipedia

  • Reverse-transcriptase inhibitor — Reverse transcriptase inhibitors (RTIs) are a class of antiretroviral drug used to treat HIV infection, tumors,[1] and cancer.[2] RTIs inhibit activity of reverse transcriptase, a viral DNA polymerase enzyme that retroviruses need to reproduce.… …   Wikipedia

  • Enzyme inhibitor — Enzyme inhibitors are molecules that bind to enzymes and decrease their activity. Since blocking an enzyme s activity can kill a pathogen or correct a metabolic imbalance, many drugs are enzyme inhibitors. They are also used as herbicides and… …   Wikipedia

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